12 Feb


Each and every component of your vehicle has a significance and as such it is important to know the various parts and their purposes. Whether  you own or rent vehicles, we believe that it is essential for everyone to understand even the major vehicle parts which can help you in unwanted situations such as brake and engine failure. In this blog we give you a crash course on vehicle parts and their purposes.

various car parts

Major car parts

Ignition system

Spark Plugs,  Ignition wires & Coil packs are all components of the vehicle’s ignition system. The purpose of the ignition system is to create a spark when the piston is at the top of its compression stroke. This will ignite the fuel-air mixture in the cylinder of the engine to get it running. 

Ignition system

Vehicle parts – Ignition


The engine is designated as  the heart of the car or its main power source. Fuel enters the engine where it is compressed, lit internally and results in the inflation of gases that generates power to the wheels. 

car parts - engine

Vehicle parts – Engine


The main function of  the alternator is to generate power for the electrical components of the car and to charge the battery. This in turn provides electricity to run headlights, brake lights, and internal electrical work. Beware of your battery light and have the issue addressed quickly to ensure that these functions remain optimal.

Vehicle parts – Alternator


The continuous movement of engine’s components can make the engine hot, however, the radiator works to keep the engine and other car components cool as it is designed to transfer heat from the hot coolant that flows through it to the air blown through it by the fan. The other components that works with radiator to keep  the car cool are  the Thermostat, Water Pump, Heater , Hoses and Radiator fan.

vehicle parts

Vehicle Part – Radiator


 The Suspension System is made up of three major parts – shock absorbers/struts and springs. Without shocks and struts, a vehicle would bounce uncontrollable, making driving extremely difficult and dangerous.  


car parts, suspension

Vehicle parts – Suspension


The chassis is the main supporting structure of a motor vehicle, to which all other components are attached and is comparable to the skeleton of an organism.  The engine, power-transmission system, and suspension system are all suitably attached to, or suspended from the chassis.


The Muffler is made up of  a set of tubes. These tubes are perforated and are designed to reflect sound waves produced by the engine to minimize the noise that eventually leaves your vehicle. Therefore, it helps to run the car in silent mode and also acts as a way to remove exhaust gases from the engine. Keep your mufflers clean to reduce the build up of exhaust.


It is made of different components including Disk & Drum Brakes, Master Cylinder, Power Booster & Anti-lock Brakes. Their main function is to slow down or stop the moving vehicle.  Clean, adjust and replace brake pads as per your vehicle’s schedule.

Cavanor Auto Rentals prides itself in servicing and maintaining all the vehicles in our fleet to ensure optimum performance. 

We advise all road users to keep in mind these vehicle parts and their purposes as we at Cavanor Auto Rentals always do. This will  keep you out of unwanted situations and also save you time and money. 

Knowledge is power! Use it wisely. Use it efficiently!

Cavanor Auto Rentals – Providing Happiness on Wheels Always!